Compare Captopril vs. Losartan

Head-to-head comparisons of medication uses, side effects, ratings, and more.

Capoten
(captopril)

Cozaar
(losartan)

Lowers blood pressure. Captopril is a good blood pressure-lowering medicine that protects kidney function, but you have to take it on an empty stomach.Lowers blood pressure. Cozaar (Losartan) is a good blood pressure-lowering medicine that protects kidney function like an ACE inhibitor, but with fewer side effects.
Reviews & ratings
Filter group. All currently selected
Filter group. All currently selected
3.84Captopril
Reviews for Captopril
34%
of people (All ages) say Captopril is worth it
25%
say it works well
25%
say it's a big hassle
106 reviews
Have you used Capoten (captopril)?
Worth itNot sureNot worth it
Reviews for Losartan
57%
-23% worse vs. Captopril
48%
-23% worse vs. Captopril
16%
-9% worse vs. Captopril
535 reviews
Have you used Cozaar (losartan)?
Worth itNot sureNot worth it
Side effects
CaptoprilLosartan
  • Rash 7%
  • Flushing 5%
  • Abnormal sense of taste 4%
  • Itching 2%
  • Cough 2%
More Captopril side effects »
  • Upper respiratory infection 1%
  • Dizziness 1%
  • Back pain 1%
  • Nasal congestion 1%
  • Urinary tract infection 6%
  • Diarrhea 5%
  • Muscle weakness/fatiguea/fatigue 4%
  • Low red blood cells 3%
  • Low blood sugar 4%
  • Back pain 2%
More Losartan side effects »
How it works
CaptoprilLosartan
Captopril is an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. It blocks a chemical that tightens blood vessels. This makes blood vessels relax, which lowers blood pressure and allows more blood and oxygen to get to your heart and other organs.Cozaar (Losartan) is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). It blocks a chemical that tightens blood vessels. This makes blood vessels relax, which lowers blood pressure and allows more blood and oxygen to get to your heart and other organs.
Type of medication
CaptoprilLosartan
Prescription onlyPrescription only
Available as
CaptoprilLosartan
  • Pill
  • Pill
Used for
CaptoprilLosartan
Risk factors for serious side effects
CaptoprilLosartan
  • Women of childbearing age
  • African descent
  • Current kidney problems
  • Medicine that increase potassium
  • Use of salt substitute
Detailed Capoten (captopril) risks & warnings »
  • Women of childbearing age
  • Concurrent liver disease
  • Current kidney problems
  • Medicine that increase potassium
  • Use of salt substitute
Detailed Cozaar (losartan) risks & warnings »
Pregnancy

Research studies with real people found harmful effects on unborn babies, but the benefits might outweigh the risks even if you’re pregnant. Talk with your doctor.

Research studies with real people found harmful effects on unborn babies, but the benefits might outweigh the risks even if you’re pregnant. Talk with your doctor.

Kidneys and liver
CaptoprilLosartan
  • Requires routine blood tests to check kidney function.
  • Protects kidney function, which is especially useful for people with diabetes or mild-to-moderate kidney disease.
  • Requires routine blood tests to check kidney function.
  • Protects kidney function, which is especially useful for people with diabetes or mild-to-moderate kidney disease.
Upsides and benefits
CaptoprilLosartan
  • A first-choice blood pressure treatment for many people.
  • Lowers the risk of heart attack and stroke.
  • Protects kidney function, which is especially useful for people with diabetes or mild-to-moderate kidney disease.
  • Recommended for anyone with heart failure since it lowers the risk of death and further damage to your heart.
  • A first-choice blood pressure treatment for many people.
  • Lowers the risk of heart attack and stroke.
  • Similar to ACE inhibitors (like Lisinopril), with fewer side effects like cough and swelling.
  • Protects kidney function, which is especially useful for people with diabetes or mild-to-moderate kidney disease.
  • Recommended for anyone with heart failure since it lowers the risk of death and further damage to your heart.
Downsides and risks
CaptoprilLosartan
  • Up to 1 in 10 people can get a dry cough with this medicine. It ranges from a mild tickle in the throat to a persistent hacking cough.
  • Compared to other ACE inhibitors, less flexible on when and how you take it. Captopril needs to be taken multiple times a day on an empty stomach.
  • Requires a yearly blood test to see how the medicine is affecting your body.
  • Not safe to use if you're pregnant.
  • Requires a yearly blood test to see how the medicine is affecting your body.
  • Not safe to use if you're pregnant.
Tips from our pharmacists for people taking the medication
CaptoprilLosartan
  • Take 1 hour before or 2 hours after eating.
  • Can cause dizziness in the first few days.
  • Check your blood pressure 1 week after starting this medicine, and tell your doctor if it hasn't improved.
  • Tell your doctor about any dizziness, fatigue, cough, or change in taste sensation that doesn't go away.
  • Requires routine blood tests to check kidney function.
  • Don't take it if you're pregnant.
  • Can cause dizziness in the first few days.
  • Check your blood pressure 1 week after starting this medicine, and tell your doctor if it hasn't improved.
  • Tell your doctor about any dizziness, fatigue, cough, or throat irritation that doesn't go away.
  • Requires routine blood tests to check kidney function.
  • Don't take it if you're pregnant.
Learn more
More about CaptoprilSide effectsReviews & ratingsAlternativesFDA package insert
Have you used Capoten (captopril)?
Worth itNot sureNot worth it
More about LosartanSide effectsReviews & ratingsAlternativesFDA package insert
Have you used Cozaar (losartan)?
Worth itNot sureNot worth it