Compare Emtriva vs. Zerit

Head-to-head comparisons of medication uses, side effects, ratings, and more.

Emtriva
(Emtricitabine)

Zerit
(Stavudine)

Works with other medicines to treat HIV infection. emtricitabine is currently one of the most popular drugs within the Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NRTI) drug class.Works with other medicines to treat HIV infection. Within the Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NRTI) drug class, stavudine can be a difficult drug to take. stavudine has numerous serious side effects and probably won't be your first choice.
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Reviews & ratings
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Side effects
EmtrivaZerit

We haven’t found good data for Emtriva side effects.

FDA side effect reports for Emtriva »

We haven’t found good data for Zerit side effects.

FDA side effect reports for Zerit »
How it works
EmtrivaZerit
emtricitabine stops the replication of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) within important cells of the body by preventing the virus from taking over normal functions of the cell for its own purposes.stavudine stops the replication of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) within important cells of the body by preventing the virus from taking over normal functions of the cell for its own purposes.
Type of medication
EmtrivaZerit
Coming soon.
Coming soon.
Available as
EmtrivaZerit
  • Pill
  • Liquid
  • Pill
  • Liquid
Used for (click to learn more)
EmtrivaZerit
  • HIV infection
  • HIV infection
Risk factors for serious side effects
EmtrivaZerit
  • Women
  • Obesity
  • Liver disease
    • HIV
    • Exposure to other infections
    • Start of a new HIV medication
    • Change in HIV therapy
    • HIV treatment
    Detailed Emtriva (Emtricitabine) risks & warnings »
        • Use of hydroxyurea, didanosine, and stavudine together
          • HIV
          • Exposure to other infections
          • Start of a new HIV medication
          • Change in HIV therapy
          • HIV treatment
          Detailed Zerit (Stavudine) risks & warnings »
          Pregnancy category
          EmtrivaZerit
          BFDA pregnancy category (Probably safe)

          Research studies with animals haven’t found a risk to unborn babies, but it hasn’t been properly studied in humans.

          See the FDA package insert
          CFDA pregnancy category (Weigh risks vs. benefits)

          Research studies with animals found harmful effects on unborn babies. It hasn’t been properly studied in humans. The benefits might outweigh the risks even if you’re pregnant. Talk with your doctor.

          See the FDA package insert
          Alcohol
          No specific alcohol-related info.No specific alcohol-related info.
          Food
          • Take with or without food once a day.
          • Take with or without food.
          Kidneys and liver
          • emtricitabine is removed from the body by the kidneys, so the dose of emtricitabine needs to be lowered if you have any kidney problems.
          • emtricitabine can cause this rare but life-threatening condition. Symptoms include deep and rapid breathing, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. This is a medical emergency and you should get help right away. Baseline blood work for kidney and liver function are helpful to see if you can use emtricitabine. It may not be a good choice for people with liver problems.
          • The amount of stavudine you will take is based on your body weight, kidney, and liver function.
          • May cause serious side effects in your liver, kidneys, and pancreas.
          • stavudine can cause this rare but life-threatening condition. Symptoms include deep and rapid breathing, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. This is a medical emergency and you should get help right away. Baseline blood work for kidney and liver function are helpful to see if you can use stavudine. It may not be a good choice for people with liver problems.
          Sex
          No specific sex-related info.No specific sex-related info.
          Sleep
          No specific sleep-related info.No specific sleep-related info.
          Weight
          No specific weight-related info.
          • The amount of stavudine you will take is based on your body weight, kidney, and liver function.
          Upsides and benefits
          EmtrivaZerit
          • Take with or without food once a day.
          • emtricitabine can be taken as a capsule or liquid.
          • The emtricitabine oral solution can be stored for up to 3 months in the refrigerator.
          • emtricitabine is contained in the following combination products: Atripla, Complera, Stribild, and Truvada.
          • stavudine is provided as both capsules and an oral solution.
          • Take with or without food.
          • Can be used by patients on dialysis.
          • While stavudine doesn’t cure HIV, it does reduce the number of viral copies being made in your blood, giving your healthy immune cells (CD4 cells) a better chance to do their job.
          Downsides and risks
          EmtrivaZerit
          • Can't be taken with any drugs containing lamivudine since both are so similar to each other.
          • emtricitabine is removed from the body by the kidneys, so the dose of emtricitabine needs to be lowered if you have any kidney problems.
          • Kids have a higher chance than adults of skin color changes on their hands and feet while taking emtricitabine.
          • Must take twice a day, every 12 hours.
          • The amount of stavudine you will take is based on your body weight, kidney, and liver function.
          • Interacts with many different medications.
          • May cause serious side effects in your liver, kidneys, and pancreas.
          • Can cause significant tingling in your hands or feet.
          Tips from our pharmacists for people taking the medication
          EmtrivaZerit
          • Since emtricitabine is only taken once a day, take it at the same time as your other HIV medications.
          • If being used for kids, the dose of emtricitabine will continue to change as they grow, so keep in touch with their doctor.
          • Keep an eye out for any new symptoms or side effects you may start to feel while taking emtricitabine and report them to your doctor.
          • Set a timer on your phone to make sure you don't forget to take stavudine at the right time.
          • Talk with your doctor about all other medications you are taking since stavudine interacts with many other drugs.
          • Work with your doctor to get regular blood tests. The goal is to make sure the drug is working well and safely.
          • Keep an eye out for any new symptoms or side effects you may start to feel while taking stavudine and report them to your doctor.
          Learn more
          More about EmtrivaSide effectsAlternativesFDA package insert
          More about ZeritSide effectsAlternativesFDA package insert