pilocarpine vs. timolol

Head-to-head comparisons of medication uses, side effects, ratings, and more.

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lowers eye pressure A very effective first line treatment for increased eye pressure. Lowering eye pressure back to normal may prevent the onset of glaucoma.Coming soon.
How it works
pilocarpine increases the flow of fluids out of the inner eye.Coming soon.
Type of medication
Coming soon.
Coming soon.
Available as
  • Eye drops
  • Pill
  • Eye drops
  • Extended release
Used for (click to learn more)
  • Head and neck cancer - Radiation-induced xerostomia Raised intraocular pressure Sjögren's syndrome - Xerostomia
  • Hypertension Migraine; Prophylaxis Ocular hypertension Open-angle glaucoma Postmyocardial infarction syndrome; Prophylaxis
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Reviews & ratings
Button Group. All currently active
Button Group. All currently active
Side effects

We haven’t found good data for pilocarpine side effects.

FDA side effect reports for pilocarpine »

We haven’t found good data for timolol side effects.

FDA side effect reports for timolol »
Risk factors for serious side effects
Coming soon.Coming soon.
Pregnancy category
No specific alcohol-related info.No specific alcohol-related info.
No specific food-related info.No specific food-related info.
Kidneys and liver
No specific kidneys and liver-related info.No specific kidneys and liver-related info.
No specific sex-related info.No specific sex-related info.
No specific sleep-related info.No specific sleep-related info.
No specific weight-related info.No specific weight-related info.
Upsides and benefits
  • pilocarpine is often used with other drugs to control eye pressure.
Coming soon.
Downsides and risks
  • pilocarpine causes the pupil of the eye to become smaller, and may cause dim vision, especially at night, therefore driving at night may be impaired.
Coming soon.
Tips from our pharmacists for people taking the medication
  • Wash hands before putting drops in eyes.
  • Do not touch the dropper tip to your eye or hands.
  • If you wear contacts remove them and wait 15 minutes, after putting the drop in eye, to replace them.
  • After instilling drops in the eye, press one finger to the inner corner of eye, by the nose, and press lightly for 1 minute.
Coming soon.
Learn more
More about pilocarpineSide effectsAlternativesFDA package insert
More about timololSide effectsFDA package insert