Compare Provera vs. Climara

Head-to-head comparisons of medication uses, side effects, ratings, and more.

Regulates your menstrual cycle and supplements estrogen treatments for menopause.

Provera (Medroxyprogesterone) works well to regulate your menstrual cycle and stop irregular bleeding. It also protects the uterus from estrogen's harmful effects.

Treats low estrogen, relieves menopause symptoms, and lowers your risk of osteoporosis.

Climara (estradiol patch) is a treatment for low estrogen that is used only once weekly, and it may have fewer side effects than oral estrogen pills.

Upsides
  • Provera (Medroxyprogesterone) can be used to treat multiple hormone problems in women.
  • After menopause, taking estrogen raises your risk of uterine cancer. However, taking progesterone, like in Provera (Medroxyprogesterone), along with estrogen gives you the positive effects of estrogen, but also prevents it from damaging your uterus.
  • Women taking an estrogen/progestin combination medications have a lower risk of uterine cancer.
  • Climara (estradiol patch) replaces estrogen to your whole body and relieves many symptoms due to low estrogen, like hot flashes and vaginal dryness.
  • The patch is good for people who don't want to or can't take daily pills.
  • Climara (estradiol patch) is available as a generic product, which lowers the cost.
  • By using a patch instead of a pill, there's a lower risk of side effects such as blood clots and stroke since lower amounts of estrogen are used in patches.
  • Lowers your risk of fractures by keeping your bones healthy.
Downsides
  • You can't take Provera (Medroxyprogesterone) if you've had a hysterectomy (your uterus removed). You also can't take it if you're pregnant or breastfeeding, have unusual vaginal bleeding, or have a history of blood clots, certain kinds of cancer, stroke, heart attack, liver problems, or bleeding problems.
  • The patch can fall off, especially if you like to regularly swim, take baths or use saunas or steamrooms.
  • Increases your risk of uterine and breast cancer.
  • If you have your uterus, you have to use the Climara (estradiol patch) with another hormone called progestin to lower your risk of uterine cancer.
  • Can worsen other health conditions, like high cholesterol, asthma, diabetes, fluid retention, underactive thyroid and migraines.
  • If you're only having vaginal dryness or inflammation and not hot flashes, it's better to use creams that you can apply to the affected area instead of Climara (estradiol patch).
Used for
  • Amenorrhea
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Prevention of uterine cancer in women taking estrogen
  • Endometriosis
  • Hot flashes and night sweats
  • Vaginal dryness and inflammation
  • Low estrogen
  • Ovarian failure
  • Prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis
Dosage forms
  • Pill
  • Patch
Price
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Side effects
The Provera (Medroxyprogesterone) FDA package insert doesn’t have numbers about how common side effects are.
16possible side effects
  • Breast pain
    28%
  • Lung infection
    17%
  • Stomach pain
    16%
  • Headache
    13%
  • Pain
    11%
  • Swelling of arms and legs
    10%
  • Back pain
    9%
  • Depression
    8%
  • Gas
    7%
  • White or yellow vaginal discharge
    7%
  • Sore throat
    7%
  • Nausea
    6%
  • Stuffy nose
    6%
  • Joint pain
    5%
  • Sinus infection
    5%
  • Itchiness
    3%
See more detailed side effects
Risks and risk factors
  • Breast cancer
    • Personal or family history of breast cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
    • Family history of ovarian cancer
  • Increased risk of blood clots and stroke
    • Personal or family history of blood clots
    • Smoking
    • Obesity
    • Hypertension
    • Diabetes
    • High cholesterol
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Depression
    • History of depression
  • Liver problems
    • History of liver problems
  • Harm to fetus
    • Women of childbearing age
See more detailed risks and warnings
  • Endometrial cancer
    • Using estrogen for more than one year
  • Breast cancer
    • Personal or family history of breast cancer
    • Using estrogen for more than one year
  • Increased risk of blood clots and stroke
    • Personal or family history of blood clots
    • Smoking
    • Obesity
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Increased risk of heart disease
    • Smoking
    • Obesity
    • High blood pressure
    • High blood sugar
    • High cholesterol
    • Age 50 or older
  • Dementia
    • Age 65 or older
  • Pancreas swelling (pancreatitis)
    • High levels of triglycerides
See more detailed risks and warnings