Compare Retrovir vs. Zerit

Head-to-head comparisons of medication uses, side effects, ratings, and more.

Retrovir
(Zidovudine, Azt, Or Zdv)

Zerit
(Stavudine)

Works with other medicines to treat HIV infection. Also prevents mother-to-child sharing of HIV. AZT can be a good second-line choice to take within the Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NRTI) drug class. AZT can have a number of serious side effects, but if you don't have prior blood, kidney, or liver problems, you should consider it.Works with other medicines to treat HIV infection. Within the Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NRTI) drug class, stavudine can be a difficult drug to take. stavudine has numerous serious side effects and probably won't be your first choice.
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Reviews & ratings
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Side effects
RetrovirZerit

We haven’t found good data for Retrovir side effects.

FDA side effect reports for Retrovir »

We haven’t found good data for Zerit side effects.

FDA side effect reports for Zerit »
How it works
RetrovirZerit
AZT stops the replication of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) within important cells of the body by preventing the virus from taking over normal functions of the cell for its own purposes.stavudine stops the replication of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) within important cells of the body by preventing the virus from taking over normal functions of the cell for its own purposes.
Type of medication
RetrovirZerit
Coming soon.
Coming soon.
Available as
RetrovirZerit
  • Pill
  • Liquid
  • Pill
  • Liquid
Used for (click to learn more)
RetrovirZerit
  • HIV infection
  • HIV infection
Risk factors for serious side effects
RetrovirZerit
  • Advanced HIV
  • Anemia
  • Neutropenia
  • Longtime use of AZT
  • Women
  • Obesity
  • Liver disease
  • HIV
  • Exposure to other infections
  • Start of a new HIV medication
  • Change in HIV therapy
  • HIV treatment
Detailed Retrovir (Zidovudine, Azt, Or Zdv) risks & warnings »
      • Use of hydroxyurea, didanosine, and stavudine together
        • HIV
        • Exposure to other infections
        • Start of a new HIV medication
        • Change in HIV therapy
        • HIV treatment
        Detailed Zerit (Stavudine) risks & warnings »
        Pregnancy category
        RetrovirZerit
        CFDA pregnancy category (Weigh risks vs. benefits)

        Research studies with animals found harmful effects on unborn babies. It hasn’t been properly studied in humans. The benefits might outweigh the risks even if you’re pregnant. Talk with your doctor.

        See the FDA package insert
        CFDA pregnancy category (Weigh risks vs. benefits)

        Research studies with animals found harmful effects on unborn babies. It hasn’t been properly studied in humans. The benefits might outweigh the risks even if you’re pregnant. Talk with your doctor.

        See the FDA package insert
        Alcohol
        No specific alcohol-related info.No specific alcohol-related info.
        Food
        • Take AZT with or without food.
        • Take with or without food.
        Kidneys and liver
        • Poor kidney function will affect how much AZT you can take.
        • Combining certain medications can increase the risk of muscle pain (myopathy), muscle damage (rhabdomyolysis), and kidney damage. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist when taking any new medications.
        • AZT can cause this rare but life-threatening condition. Symptoms include deep and rapid breathing, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. This is a medical emergency and you should get help right away. Baseline blood work for kidney and liver function are helpful to see if you can use AZT. It may not be a good choice for people with liver problems.
        • The amount of stavudine you will take is based on your body weight, kidney, and liver function.
        • May cause serious side effects in your liver, kidneys, and pancreas.
        • stavudine can cause this rare but life-threatening condition. Symptoms include deep and rapid breathing, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. This is a medical emergency and you should get help right away. Baseline blood work for kidney and liver function are helpful to see if you can use stavudine. It may not be a good choice for people with liver problems.
        Sex
        No specific sex-related info.No specific sex-related info.
        Sleep
        No specific sleep-related info.No specific sleep-related info.
        Weight
        No specific weight-related info.
        • The amount of stavudine you will take is based on your body weight, kidney, and liver function.
        Upsides and benefits
        RetrovirZerit
        • AZT is provided as capsules, tablets, and syrup.
        • Used in kids and babies.
        • Take AZT with or without food.
        • AZT is included in the combination drugs Trizivir (AZT, Epivir, and Ziagen) and Combivir (AZT and Epivir), both of which are taken twice a day.
        • stavudine is provided as both capsules and an oral solution.
        • Take with or without food.
        • Can be used by patients on dialysis.
        • While stavudine doesn’t cure HIV, it does reduce the number of viral copies being made in your blood, giving your healthy immune cells (CD4 cells) a better chance to do their job.
        Downsides and risks
        RetrovirZerit
        • AZT may cause serious blood, muscle, and liver problems.
        • Poor kidney function will affect how much AZT you can take.
        • Allergies to AZT are rare, but very serious.
        • Need to get regular blood tests.
        • Must take twice a day, every 12 hours.
        • The amount of stavudine you will take is based on your body weight, kidney, and liver function.
        • Interacts with many different medications.
        • May cause serious side effects in your liver, kidneys, and pancreas.
        • Can cause significant tingling in your hands or feet.
        Tips from our pharmacists for people taking the medication
        RetrovirZerit
        • Don't take AZT with stavudine, another HIV drug.
        • Keep an eye out for any new symptoms or side effects you may start to feel while taking AZT and report them to your doctor.
        • Read the Medication Guide given to you at the pharmacy about AZT since it contains helpful information.
        • Work with your doctor to get regular blood tests. The goal is to make sure the drug is working well and safely.
        • Set a timer on your phone to make sure you don't forget to take stavudine at the right time.
        • Talk with your doctor about all other medications you are taking since stavudine interacts with many other drugs.
        • Keep an eye out for any new symptoms or side effects you may start to feel while taking stavudine and report them to your doctor.
        • Work with your doctor to get regular blood tests. The goal is to make sure the drug is working well and safely.
        Learn more
        More about RetrovirSide effectsAlternativesFDA package insert
        More about ZeritSide effectsAlternativesFDA package insert