Mental health disorders

ADHD

(Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)

  • Also known as
  • Attention deficit disorder
  • ADD

About ADHD

Is it hard for your child to sit still? Does your child act without thinking first? Does your child start but not finish things? If so, your child may have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nearly everyone shows some of these behaviors at times, but ADHD lasts more than 6 months and causes problems in school, at home and in social situations.

ADHD is more common in boys than girls. It affects 3-5 percent of all American children.

The main features of ADHD are

  • Inattention
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impulsivity

No one knows exactly what causes ADHD. It sometimes runs in families, so genetics may be a factor. There may also be environmental factors.

A complete evaluation by a trained professional is the only way to know for sure if your child has ADHD. Treatment may include medicine to control symptoms, therapy, or both. Structure at home and at school is important. Parent training may also help.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

Symptoms of ADHD
  • Inattention
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impulsivity

Top Medications for ADHD according to our users

Filter group. All currently selected

All Medications for ADHD

  • Adderall
    (Dextroamphetamine / Amphetamine)
    Prescription only

    Adderall (Dextroamphetamine / Amphetamine) is a first-choice treatment for ADHD that's available as a generic, but it's a stimulant, so it can cause insomnia and other side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
  • Daytrana
    (Methylphenidate)
    Prescription only

    Daytrana (Methylphenidate) is an effective medication used to treat ADHD and can be used as a patch.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Liquid
    • Pill
  • Desoxyn
    (Methamphetamine)
    Prescription only

    Desoxyn (Methamphetamine) is an effective and cheap medication used to treat ADHD, but it can be habit-forming and is not used for long-term treatment.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Dexedrine
    (Dextroamphetamine)
    Prescription only

    Dexedrine (Dextroamphetamine) is an effective and cheap medication used to treat ADHD, but it can be habit-forming and is not used for long-term treatment.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
    • Liquid
  • Focalin
    (Dexmethylphenidate)
    Prescription only

    Focalin (Dexmethylphenidate) is a first-choice treatment for ADHD that's available as a generic, but it's a stimulant, so it can cause insomnia and other side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
  • Kapvay
    (Clonidine)
    Prescription only

    Clonidine is a non-stimulant option to manage ADHD symptoms and behaviors, but it can lower your blood pressure.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Extended release
  • Ritalin
    (Methylphenidate)
    Prescription only

    Concerta (Methylphenidate) is a first-choice treatment for ADHD. It comes in many different forms and is also available as a generic. That said, the immediate-release form needs to be taken more frequently than other alternatives.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
    • Chewable tablet
    • Oral solution
    • Liquid
    • Patch
  • Strattera
    (Atomoxetine)
    Prescription only

    Strattera (Atomoxetine) isn't considered a first-line medication for ADHD, but since it isn't a stimulant, it's still highly recommended.

    Was it worth it?
    Men
    39%
    Women

    Not enough review data. Review it!

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Vyvanse
    (Lisdexamfetamine)
    Prescription only

    Vyvanse (Lisdexamfetamine) is a first-choice treatment for ADHD and you only have to take it once a day. However, it's only available as brand name drug, so it can be expensive.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Catapres
    (Clonidine)
    Prescription only

    Catapres (Clonidine) is a good addition if you need more than one medicine to control your blood pressure, but it has a lot of side effects. You can't miss doses.

    Was it worth it?
    Men
    46%
    Women

    Not enough review data. Review it!

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
    • Patch
  • Effexor
    (Venlafaxine)
    Prescription only

    Effexor (Venlafaxine) is good for treating depression and anxiety. May work when other antidepressants haven't, it's but more likely to cause side effects and withdrawal symptoms than other antidepressants.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
  • Pamelor
    (Nortriptyline)
    Prescription only

    Pamelor (Nortriptyline) is a good option for treating depression, especially for people who also have problems with persistent nerve pain.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Liquid
  • Provigil
    (Modafinil)
    Prescription only

    Provigil (Modafinil) is effective in improving alertness, but it can interact with other medicines and shouldn't be used long-term.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Tenex
    (Guanfacine)
    Prescription only

    Tenex (Guanfacine) can be used to treat both blood pressure and ADHD, but it's not recommended as a first-line treatment for either problem.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release

Medication side effects for ADHD

These are some of the most common side effects from clinical trials for Abdominal pain.

  • Daytrana: 7%
  • Strattera: 18%
0 of 100

At this end, no one is expected to have Abdominal pain

100 of 100

At this end, almost everyone is expected to have Abdominal pain

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for ADHD

What tip would you give someone like me who was just diagnosed?
  • Find a good doctor who "gets" ADHD
  • Yes research all you can, and like the first tipper, get a doc who 'gets' ADHD/ADD.
  • ADHD Medicines may work for other conditions, if ADHD-like symptoms are a major part of the condition. For instance, ADHD-like behavior is sometimes obsetved in individuals with Aspergers.
What’s your best coping strategy?
  • Consistency
  • keeping a running task checky box on me
  • Having that one person by my side to help me stay focused.
  • Besides meds and other chemical treatments (like coffee), I find that having somebody check up on me to keep me on-task is helpful.
  • Staying focused using a timer for each allotted task
  • CRISPER
Besides medications, what else has worked for you?
  • mindfulness training
  • Scheduling events in an hour to hour format planner!
  • Sleep, exercise, healthy eating
  • scheduled outdoor activities
  • Paychotherapy
  • Having a great support system
  • Counselling