Cardiovascular disease

Coronary artery disease

(Ischemic heart disease)

  • Also known as
  • CAD

About Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the United States in both men and women.

CAD happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the buildup of cholesterol and other material, called plaque, on their inner walls. This buildup is called atherosclerosis. As it grows, less blood can flow through the arteries. As a result, the heart muscle can't get the blood or oxygen it needs. This can lead to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Most heart attacks happen when a blood clot suddenly cuts off the hearts' blood supply, causing permanent heart damage.

Over time, CAD can also weaken the heart muscle and contribute to heart failure and arrhythmias. Heart failure means the heart can't pump blood well to the rest of the body. Arrhythmias are changes in the normal beating rhythm of the heart.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Top Medications for Coronary artery disease according to our users

Button Group. All currently active

All Medications for Coronary artery disease

  • Cholesterol-lowering > Statin

    • Lovastatin
      Prescription only

      Mevacor (Lovastatin) can improve cholesterol, but it's not as strong as other statin medicines. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Extended release
    • Pravastatin
      Prescription only

      Pravachol (Pravastatin) can improve cholesterol, but it's not as strong as other statin medicines. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
  • Cholesterol-lowering > Nicotinic acid

  • Cholesterol-lowering > Omega-3 fatty acid

  • Anticoagulant > Vitamin K antagonist

  • Antihypertensive > Calcium channel blocker

    • Calan
      (Verapamil)
      Prescription only

      Verapamil works well to lower blood pressure and prevent chest pain, but you have to be okay with avoiding alcohol. You can't miss doses, and you might get persistent swelling.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Extended release
      • Delayed release capsule

Progestin

Medication side effects for Coronary artery disease

These are some of the most common side effects from clinical trials for diarrhea.

  • Lovastatin: 3%
  • Niaspan: 14%
0 of 100

At this end, no one is expected to have diarrhea

100 of 100

At this end, almost everyone is expected to have diarrhea

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Coronary artery disease

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