Eye problems

Glaucoma

About Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye's optic nerve. It is a leading cause of blindness in the United States. It usually happens when the fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises, damaging the optic nerve. Often there are no symptoms at first. Without treatment, people with glaucoma will slowly lose their peripheral, or side vision. They seem to be looking through a tunnel. Over time, straight-ahead vision may decrease until no vision remains.

A comprehensive eye exam can tell if you have glaucoma. People at risk should get eye exams at least every two years. They include

  • African Americans over age 40
  • People over age 60, especially Mexican Americans
  • People with a family history of glaucoma

There is no cure, but glaucoma can usually be controlled. Early treatment can help protect your eyes against vision loss. Treatments usually include prescription eyedrops and/or surgery.

NIH: National Eye Institute

Symptoms of Glaucoma
  • Slow loss of peripheral (side) vision
  • Eventual loss of central vision

Top Medications for Glaucoma according to our users

Button Group. All currently active
  • All men

  • Brand (generic)% of users who said medication was worth it
  • Phenylephrine
    48%
  • All women

  • Brand (generic)% of users who said medication was worth it
  • Phenylephrine
    43%

All Medications for Glaucoma

  • Antihypertensive > Diuretic

    • Acetazolamide
      Prescription only

      Diamox (Acetazolamide) is used to treat and prevent mountain sickness, as well as to lower the amount of fluid in the eye and legs.

      Was it worth it?
      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Extended release
  • Antihypertensive > Beta blocker

  • Anaphylaxis > Alpha agonist, Beta agonist

    • Epipen
      (Epinephrine)
      Prescription only

      Epipen (Epinephrine) is a life-saving medication for severe allergic reactions. Just make sure you know how to give an injection before it's needed.

      Was it worth it?
      • Available dosage forms:
      • Injection

Decongestant

  • Phenylephrine
    Prescription or OTC

    Sudafed Pe (Phenylephrine) is a good medication for relieving stuffy nose. It doesn't work as well as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed), but it has fewer side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Nasal spray
    • Eye drops
    • Suppository
  • Anti-glaucoma > Prostaglandin agonist

Keratolytic emmolient

  • Urea
    Prescription or OTC

    Keralac (Urea) treats a variety of skin conditions, but shouldn’t be used by children.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Cream, gel, or ointment
    • Foam
    • Topical
    • Pads

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Glaucoma

What tip would you give someone like me who was just diagnosed?
  • Us e your drops as prescribed. I keep them by my bed and put them in nightly as I go to turn off the lamp.
What’s your best coping strategy?
  • saline drops throughout the day.
Besides medications, what else has worked for you?
  • Reading glasses have helped