Cardiovascular disease

Heart attack

(Myocardial infarction)

  • Also known as
  • MI

About Heart attack

Each year over a million people in the U.S. have a heart attack. About half of them die. Many people have permanent heart damage or die because they don't get help immediately. It's important to know the symptoms of a heart attack and call 9-1-1 if someone is having them. Those symptoms include

  • Chest discomfort - pressure, squeezing, or pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Discomfort in the upper body - arms, shoulder, neck, back
  • Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, lightheadedness, sweating

These symptoms can sometimes be different in women.

What exactly is a heart attack? Most heart attacks happen when a clot in the coronary artery blocks the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. Often this leads to an irregular heartbeat - called an arrhythmia - that causes a severe decrease in the pumping function of the heart. A blockage that is not treated within a few hours causes the affected heart muscle to die.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Symptoms of Heart attack
  • Chest discomfort: Pressure, squeezing, or pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Discomfort in the upper body: Arms, shoulders, neck, or back
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Sweating

Top Medications for Heart attack according to our users

Button Group. All currently active

All Medications for Heart attack

  • Pain reliever > Salicylate

  • Anticoagulant > Anti-platelet

  • Anticoagulant > Heparin

    • Heparin
      Prescription only

      Heparin is a good anticoagulant that prevents blood clots. However, you'll need to get frequent blood tests to make sure it's working well.

      Was it worth it?
      • Available dosage forms:
      • Injection
  • Anticoagulant > Factor Xa inhibitor

    • Xarelto
      (Rivaroxaban)
      Prescription only

      Xarelto (Rivaroxaban) is a good medication for preventing blood clots. It doesn't require regular blood tests or changing doses often. It can be expensive and there's no way to reverse the medication's effects.

      Was it worth it?
      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
  • Antihypertensive > Beta blocker

  • Antihypertensive > Angiotensin receptor blocker

  • Antihypertensive > ACE inhibitor

  • Antihypertensive > Calcium channel blocker

    • Diltiazem
      Prescription only

      Diltiazem works well to lower blood pressure and prevent chest pain, but you have to be okay with avoiding alcohol. You can't miss doses, and you might get persistent swelling.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Extended release
      • Extended release capsule

Potassium

  • Potassium Chloride
    Prescription or OTC

    Klor-Con (Potassium Chloride) works well to replace potassium that's low because of certain medications or conditions. Extended-release formulas are easier to put up with.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
    • Oral solution
    • Liquid
  • Cholesterol-lowering > Statin

    • Atorvastatin
      Prescription only

      Lipitor (Atorvastatin) is a good medication to improve your cholesterol. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
    • Crestor
      (Rosuvastatin)
      Prescription only

      Crestor (Rosuvastatin) is one of the most effective statins to improve cholesterol, but the brand name medication is expensive. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
    • Lovastatin
      Prescription only

      Mevacor (Lovastatin) can improve cholesterol, but it's not as strong as other statin medicines. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Extended release
    • Pravastatin
      Prescription only

      Pravachol (Pravastatin) can improve cholesterol, but it's not as strong as other statin medicines. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
    • Simvastatin
      Prescription only

      Zocor (Simvastatin) is a good medication to improve your cholesterol. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Dissolving tablet

Medication side effects for Heart attack

These are some of the most common side effects from clinical trials for abdominal pain.

  • Diovan: 2%
0 of 100

At this end, no one is expected to have abdominal pain

100 of 100

At this end, almost everyone is expected to have abdominal pain

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Heart attack

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