Cardiovascular disease

Heart bypass surgery

(CABG)

  • Also known as
  • Coronary artery bypass graft

About Heart bypass surgery

In coronary artery disease (CAD), the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to your heart muscle grow hardened and narrowed. You may try treatments such as lifestyle changes, medicines, and angioplasty, a procedure to open the arteries. If these treatments don't help, you may need coronary artery bypass surgery.

The surgery creates a new path for blood to flow to the heart. The surgeon takes a healthy piece of vein from the leg or artery from the chest or wrist. Then the surgeon attaches it to the coronary artery, just above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This allows blood to bypass (get around) the blockage. Sometimes people need more than one bypass.

The results of the surgery usually are excellent. Many people remain symptom-free for many years. You may need surgery again if blockages form in the grafted arteries or veins or in arteries that weren't blocked before. Lifestyle changes and medicines may help prevent arteries from becoming clogged again.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Top Medications for Heart bypass surgery according to our users

Button Group. All currently active
  • All men

  • Brand (generic)% of users who said medication was worth it
  • Aspirin
    77%
  • All women

  • Brand (generic)% of users who said medication was worth it
  • Aspirin
    72%

All Medications for Heart bypass surgery

  • Pain reliever > Salicylate

  • Anticoagulant > Anti-platelet

  • Antihypertensive > Calcium channel blocker

    • Diltiazem
      Prescription only

      Diltiazem works well to lower blood pressure and prevent chest pain, but you have to be okay with avoiding alcohol. You can't miss doses, and you might get persistent swelling.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Extended release
      • Extended release capsule
  • Cholesterol-lowering > Statin

    • Lovastatin
      Prescription only

      Mevacor (Lovastatin) can improve cholesterol, but it's not as strong as other statin medicines. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Extended release
    • Pravastatin
      Prescription only

      Pravachol (Pravastatin) can improve cholesterol, but it's not as strong as other statin medicines. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
    • Simvastatin
      Prescription only

      Zocor (Simvastatin) is a good medication to improve your cholesterol. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Dissolving tablet

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Heart bypass surgery

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