Autoimmune disorders

Multiple sclerosis

(MS)

About Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord. It damages the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects your nerve cells. This damage slows down or blocks messages between your brain and your body, leading to the symptoms of MS. They can include

  • Visual disturbances
  • Muscle weakness
  • Trouble with coordination and balance
  • Sensations such as numbness, prickling, or "pins and needles"
  • Thinking and memory problems

No one knows what causes MS. It may be an autoimmune disease, which happens when your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Multiple sclerosis affects women more than men. It often begins between the ages of 20 and 40. Usually, the disease is mild, but some people lose the ability to write, speak, or walk.

There is no single test for MS. Doctors use a medical history, physical exam, neurological exam, MRI, and other tests to diagnose it. There is no cure for MS, but medicines may slow it down and help control symptoms. Physical and occupational therapy may also help.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Symptoms of Multiple sclerosis
  • Visual disturbances
  • Muscle weakness
  • Trouble with coordination and balance
  • Sensations such as numbness, prickling, or "pins and needles"
  • Thinking and memory problems

Top Medications for Multiple sclerosis according to our users

Button Group. All currently active
  • All women

  • Brand (generic)% of users who said medication was worth it
  • Prednisone
    62%

All Medications for Multiple sclerosis

  • Multiple Sclerosis treatment > Pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor

    • Aubagio
      (Teriflunomide)
      Prescription only

      Aubagio (Teriflunomide) is an oral medicine that effectively reduces the number of flare-ups, slows physical changes, and decreases the number of new brain lesions in relapsing MS. Because it stays in the body for so long, if you have a serious reaction or possible pregnancy you'll need to have it quickly removed with another medicine.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
  • Multiple Sclerosis treatment > Immunomodulator

  • Multiple sclerosis treatment > Immunomodulator

  • Multiple sclerosis treatment, Immunosuppressant > Immunomodulator

    • Gilenya
      (Fingolimod)
      Prescription only

      Gilenya (Fingolimod) is an oral medication that has a lot of side effects, but it reduces the number of flare-ups, slows physical changes, and decreases the number of new brain lesions in relapsing MS.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
  • Anti-inflammatory, Immunosuppressant > Corticosteroid

    • Cortef
      (Hydrocortisone)
      Prescription only

      Cortef (Hydrocortisone) is identical to an essential hormone that humans produce and has been proven to work safely.

      Was it worth it?
      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Liquid
      • Suppository
    • Prednisolone acetate

      Was it worth it?
      • Available dosage forms:
      • Liquid
    • Medrol
      (Methylprednisolone)
      Prescription only

      Medrol (Methylprednisolone) is corticosteroid available in many forms (oral, injectable) that's great for controlling the unwanted symptoms from your immune responses and will make you feel better. There are lots of side effects but most of are tolerable or can be managed.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
    • Prednisone
      Prescription only

      Deltasone (Prednisone) is a common oral corticosteroid that's great for controlling the unwanted symptoms from your immune responses and will make you feel better. There are lots of side effects but most of are tolerable or can be managed.

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Extended release
      • Liquid

Medication side effects for Multiple sclerosis

These are some of the most common side effects from clinical trials for "stomach flu".

  • Gilenya: 5%
  • Copaxone: 14%
0 of 100

At this end, no one is expected to have "stomach flu"

100 of 100

At this end, almost everyone is expected to have "stomach flu"

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Multiple sclerosis

What tip would you give someone like me who was just diagnosed?
  • remove processed sugar and go unrefined brown. Spasms will lessen.
  • Develop a sense of humor...the one thing I can say for sure is it is unpredictable...xo
  • Try not to panic. Learn as much as you can but don't overwhelm yourself- the disease is different for everyone. While there is no cure, at least now there are non-injection options, which is a big advance.
  • Get informed. There have been so many treatment advances and maybe what you remember from your past, seeing people with MS, doesn't apply anymore.
What’s your best coping strategy?
  • laughter and exercise....
  • Massage
Besides medications, what else has worked for you?
  • Exercise, stretching, yoga, meditation, cognitive rehabilitative therapy, lists...
  • Exercise