Mental health disorders

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

(OCD)

About Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder. If you have OCD, you have frequent, upsetting thoughts called obsessions. To try to control the thoughts, you feel an overwhelming urge to repeat certain rituals or behaviors. These are called compulsions.

Examples of obsessions are a fear of germs or a fear of being hurt. Compulsions include washing your hands, counting, checking on things, or cleaning. With OCD, the thoughts and rituals cause distress and get in the way of your daily life.

Researchers think brain circuits may not work properly in people who have OCD. It tends to run in families. The symptoms often begin in children or teens. Treatments include therapy, medicines, or both. One type of therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, is useful for treating OCD.

NIH: National Institute of Mental Health

Symptoms of Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Frequent, upsetting thoughts called obsessions
  • Repeated rituals and behaviors, called compulsions, to calm your thoughts

Top Medications for Obsessive-compulsive disorder according to our users

Button Group. All currently active

All Medications for Obsessive-compulsive disorder

  • Antidepressant > Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)

  • Antidepressant > Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)

    • Paxil
      (Paroxetine)
      Prescription only

      Paxil (Paroxetine) is good for treating depression and anxiety but it causes more weight gain, sleepiness, and withdrawal symptoms than other antidepressants.Will Paxil work for you?

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Extended release tablet
      • Liquid
    • Prozac
      (Fluoxetine)
      Prescription only

      Prozac (Fluoxetine) is good for treating depression and anxiety. It's more energizing than other antidepressants, but may not be the best choice for people who have trouble sleeping.Will Prozac work for you?

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Delayed release capsule
      • Liquid
    • Celexa
      (Citalopram)
      Prescription only

      Celexa (Citalopram) is good for treating depression and anxiety. Might be less likely to cause side effects than some antidepressants, but not the best choice for people with heart or liver problems.Will Celexa work for you?

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Oral solution
    • Lexapro
      (Escitalopram)
      Prescription only

      Lexapro (Escitalopram) is good for treating depression and anxiety. Might be less likely to cause side effects than some antidepressants, but not the best choice for people with heart or liver problems.Will Lexapro work for you?

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Liquid
    • Zoloft
      (Sertraline)
      Prescription only

      Zoloft (Sertraline) is good for treating depression and anxiety. It's more likely to cause insomnia and diarrhea than other antidepressants.Will Zoloft work for you?

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Liquid
  • Antidepressant > Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI)

    • Effexor
      (Venlafaxine)
      Prescription only

      Effexor (Venlafaxine) is good for treating depression and anxiety. May work when other antidepressants haven't, it's but more likely to cause side effects and withdrawal symptoms than other antidepressants.Will Effexor work for you?

      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill
      • Extended release
  • Antidepressant > Noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant

Anticonvulsant

  • Lamictal
    (Lamotrigine)
    Prescription only

    Lamictal (Lamotrigine) is most useful for treating severe seizure disorders, and for bipolar disorder with more depression symptoms than manic symptoms. Just be careful to increase your dose slowly to avoid skin rash.Will Lamictal work for you?

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
    • Chewable tablet
    • Dissolving tablet

Medication side effects for Obsessive-compulsive disorder

These are some of the most common side effects from clinical trials for abdominal pain.

  • Paxil: 4%
  • Zoloft: 13%
0 of 100

At this end, no one is expected to have abdominal pain

100 of 100

At this end, almost everyone is expected to have abdominal pain

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Obsessive-compulsive disorder

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Besides medications, what else has worked for you?
  • DBT