Musculoskeletal disorders

Osteoporosis

(Bone loss)

About Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis makes your bones weak and more likely to break. Anyone can develop osteoporosis, but it is common in older women. As many as half of all women and a quarter of men older than 50 will break a bone due to osteoporosis.

Risk factors include

  • Getting older
  • Being small and thin
  • Having a family history of osteoporosis
  • Taking certain medicines
  • Being a white or Asian woman
  • Having osteopenia, which is low bone density

Osteoporosis is a silent disease. You might not know you have it until you break a bone. A bone mineral density test is the best way to check your bone health. To keep bones strong, eat a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, exercise and do not smoke. If needed, medicines can also help.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Top Medications for Osteoporosis according to our users

Button Group. All currently active

All Medications for Osteoporosis

Bisphosphonate

  • Osteoporosis > Parathyroid hormone

    • Forteo
      (Teriparatide)
      Prescription only

      Forteo (Teriparatide) is a good second-choice medication to treat bone loss, but it's only available as an injectable.

      Was it worth it?
      • Available dosage forms:
      • Injection
  • Osteoporosis > Selective estrogen receptor modulator

    • Evista
      (Raloxifene)
      Prescription only

      Evista (Raloxifene) is effective at reducing bone loss and lowering the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women, but does carry the risk of blood clots.

      Was it worth it?
      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill

Monoclonal antibody

  • Prolia
    (Denosumab)
    Prescription only

    Prolia (Denosumab) is an effective and convenient treatment for osteoporosis if other options haven’t worked or aren’t appropriate for you. There’re risks of some rare side effects, so make sure you're following up with your doctor regularly.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection

Vitamin D

  • Rocaltrol
    (Calcitriol)
    Prescription only

    Rocaltrol (Calcitriol) is the strongest form of vitamin D available, but it's prescription-only and more expensive than over-the-counter alternatives, and you have to get regular blood tests.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Liquid
    • Injection
  • Vitamin D2
    (Ergocalciferol)
    Prescription or OTC

    Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol) works for vitamin D deficiencies and is available over the counter, but your body doesn't absorb it as well as Vitamin D3.

    Was it worth it?
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Liquid capsule
    • Liquid
  • Vitamin D3
    (Cholecalciferol)
    Prescription or OTC

    Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) works well for vitamin D deficiencies and is available over the counter. It absorbs better than vitamin D2, but it's animal-based so vegetarians and vegans might not want to take it.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill

Antacid

  • Hormone replacement > Progestin

    • Provera
      (Medroxyprogesterone)
      Prescription only

      Provera (Medroxyprogesterone) works well to regulate your menstrual cycle and stop irregular bleeding. It also protects the uterus from estrogen's harmful effects.

      Was it worth it?
      • Available dosage forms:
      • Pill

Medication side effects for Osteoporosis

These are some of the most common side effects from clinical trials for abdominal pain.

  • Evista: 7%
  • Boniva: 24%
0 of 100

At this end, no one is expected to have abdominal pain

100 of 100

At this end, almost everyone is expected to have abdominal pain

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Osteoporosis

What tip would you give someone like me who was just diagnosed?

No tips yet for this condition, leave a tip!

What’s your best coping strategy?
  • exercise, calcium/vitamin D3 supplements, evista
Besides medications, what else has worked for you?
  • no idea. nothing, so far. Cant tolerate any of the regular oral meds. Afraid of Reclast.