Gastrointestinal disorders

Stomach and duodenal ulcers

(Peptic ulcer disease)

About Stomach and duodenal ulcers

A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or your duodenum, the first part of your small intestine. A burning stomach pain is the most common symptom. The pain

  • Starts between meals or during the night
  • Briefly stops if you eat or take antacids
  • Lasts for minutes to hours
  • Comes and goes for several days or weeks

Peptic ulcers happen when the acids that help you digest food damage the walls of the stomach or duodenum. The most common cause is infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. Another cause is the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Stress and spicy foods do not cause ulcers, but can make them worse.

To see if you have an H. pylori infection, your doctor will test your blood, breath, or stool. Your doctor also may look inside your stomach and duodenum by doing an endoscopy or x-ray.

Peptic ulcers will get worse if not treated. Treatment may include medicines to reduce stomach acids or antibiotics to kill H. pylori. Antacids and milk can't heal peptic ulcers. Not smoking and avoiding alcohol can help. You may need surgery if your ulcers don't heal.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Top Medications for Stomach and duodenal ulcers according to our users

Button Group. All currently active

All Medications for Stomach and duodenal ulcers

  • Benzodiazepine > Long-acting benzodiazepine

  • Antispasmodic > Antimuscarinic

Prostaglandin

  • Cytotec
    (Misoprostol)
    Prescription only

    Cytotec (Misoprostol) is an okay medication used to prevent stomach ulcers, but can never be used by women who are pregnant or breastfeeding unless you're trying to induce labor.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill

Medication side effects for Stomach and duodenal ulcers

These are some of the most common side effects from clinical trials for diarrhea.

  • Tagamet: 1%
  • Pepcid: 9%
0 of 100

At this end, no one is expected to have diarrhea

100 of 100

At this end, almost everyone is expected to have diarrhea

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