Cardiovascular disease

Type 2 diabetes

(Type II diabetes)

  • Also known as
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2

About Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose get into your cells to give them energy. Without insulin, too much glucose stays in your blood. Over time, high blood glucose can lead to serious problems with your heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, and gums and teeth.

You have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes if you are older, obese, have a family history of diabetes, or do not exercise. Having prediabetes also increases your risk. Prediabetes means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes.

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes appear slowly. Some people do not notice symptoms at all. The symptoms can include

  • Being very thirsty
  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very hungry or tired
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Having sores that heal slowly
  • Having blurry eyesight

A blood test can show if you have diabetes. Many people can manage their diabetes through healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing. Some people also need to take diabetes medicines.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Top Medications for Type 2 diabetes according to our users

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All Medications for Type 2 diabetes

  • Actos
    (pioglitazone)
    Prescription only

    Actos (Pioglitazone) is a last-choice blood sugar-lowering medicine since it's only moderately effective but has a lot of undesirable side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Amaryl
    (glimepiride)
    Prescription only

    Amaryl (Glimepiride) is an effective blood sugar lowering medicine, but you have to avoid direct sunlight and alcohol.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • bromocriptine
    Prescription only

    Parlodel (bromocriptine) is a good medicine to add to other medicines for Parkinson's disease when they start to not work so well.

    Was it worth it?Review it
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Byetta
    (exenatide)
    Prescription only

    Byetta (Exenatide) helps lower blood sugar for people with diabetes and causes weight loss, but it has to be given by injection and many people have upset stomach.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • Farxiga
    (dapagliflozin)
    Prescription only

    Farxiga (dapagliflozin) can be used together with other diabetes medicines to help lower your blood sugar, but it can be expensive because it's brand name.

    Was it worth it?Review it
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Glucotrol
    (glipizide)
    Prescription only

    Glucotrol (Glipizide) is a very effective oral blood sugar-lowering medicine. It can cause low blood sugar, so make sure you know what the symptoms are and always have a source of sugar nearby.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
  • Glucovance
    (metformin / glyburide)
    Prescription only

    Glucovance (Metformin / Glyburide) is a very effective combo medication to lower blood sugar when taking one medication alone isn't enough. It's likely to cause diarrhea for the first few weeks, and you can’t drink much alcohol.

    Was it worth it?Review it
    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Glyburide
    Prescription only

    Glyburide is a very effective oral blood sugar-lowering medicine, but has more side effects and restrictions compared to other medicines in this class (sulfonylureas).

    Was it worth it?
    Men
    44%
    Women

    Not enough review data. Review it!

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Humalog
    (insulin lispro)
    Prescription only

    Humalog is a fast-acting insulin that provides meal-time sugar control. It can cause low blood sugar, so make sure you know what the symptoms are and always have a source of sugar nearby.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • Human Insulin
    Prescription only

    This form of insulin is one of the few medications in its class that you can get without a prescription, but it's expensive.

    Was it worth it?
    Men
    59%
    Women

    Not enough review data. Review it!

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
    • Inhaler
  • Invokana
    (canagliflozin)
    Prescription only

    Invokana (Canagliflozin) helps lower blood sugar for people with diabetes but it can increase the chance of a yeast infection and can be expensive.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Janumet
    (sitagliptin / metformin)
    Prescription only

    Janumet is an expensive but very effective combination of oral blood sugar-lowering medicines.

    Was it worth it?
    Men
    51%
    Women

    Not enough review data. Review it!

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
  • Januvia
    (sitagliptin)
    Prescription only

    Januvia (Sitagliptin) is a good add-on treatment if your blood sugar is still too high, but you don't want to use an injectable medicine.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Lantus
    (insulin glargine)
    Prescription only

    Lantus (Insulin Glargine) is a long-acting insulin that provides all-day sugar control. It can cause low blood sugar, so make sure you know what the symptoms are and always have a source of sugar nearby.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • Levemir
    (insulin detemir)
    Prescription only

    Levemir is a long-acting insulin that provides all-day sugar control. It can cause low blood sugar, so make sure you know what the symptoms are and always have a source of sugar nearby.

    Was it worth it?
    Men
    38%
    Women

    Not enough review data. Review it!

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • metformin
    Prescription only

    Glucophage (metformin) is the first choice medicine to control your blood sugar and lower the risk of death from diabetes, although a few people may not tolerate the stomach side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release pill
    • Liquid
  • Novolog
    (insulin aspart)
    Prescription only

    Novolog is a fast-acting insulin that provides meal-time sugar control. It can cause low blood sugar, so make sure you know what the symptoms are and always have a source of sugar nearby.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • Victoza
    (liraglutide)
    Prescription only

    Victoza (Liraglutide) helps lower blood sugar for people with diabetes and causes weight loss, but it has to be given by injection and many people have upset stomach.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • Actos
    (pioglitazone)
    Prescription only

    Actos (Pioglitazone) is a last-choice blood sugar-lowering medicine since it's only moderately effective but has a lot of undesirable side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Humalog
    (insulin lispro)
    Prescription only

    Humalog is a fast-acting insulin that provides meal-time sugar control. It can cause low blood sugar, so make sure you know what the symptoms are and always have a source of sugar nearby.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • Levemir
    (insulin detemir)
    Prescription only

    Levemir is a long-acting insulin that provides all-day sugar control. It can cause low blood sugar, so make sure you know what the symptoms are and always have a source of sugar nearby.

    Was it worth it?
    Men
    38%
    Women

    Not enough review data. Review it!

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • Novolog
    (insulin aspart)
    Prescription only

    Novolog is a fast-acting insulin that provides meal-time sugar control. It can cause low blood sugar, so make sure you know what the symptoms are and always have a source of sugar nearby.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection

Medication side effects for Type 2 diabetes

These are some of the most common side effects from clinical trials for Diarrhea.

  • bromocriptine: 3%
  • Januvia: 9%
  • Glucotrol: 17%
  • Novolog: 53%
0 of 100

At this end, no one is expected to have Diarrhea

100 of 100

At this end, almost everyone is expected to have Diarrhea

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Type 2 diabetes

What tip would you give someone like me who was just diagnosed?
  • Get your sugar under control fast before you go on Medicare as the drug programs do not pay very much toward the medicines available to treat you!
What’s your best coping strategy?

No tips yet for this condition, leave a tip!

Besides medications, what else has worked for you?

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