Prescription onlyLower-cost generic availableClass: Cardiovascular

Microzide 

(hydrochlorothiazide )

Prescription onlyLower-cost generic availableClass: Cardiovascular
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Removes water from the body, which lowers blood pressure.

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Our bottom line

Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)) is a well-tolerated water pill that's often the first-choice treatment for mild high blood pressure.

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Upsides

  • Does a good job getting rid of extra fluids in your body by making you urinate more.
  • A first-choice blood pressure treatment. Works especially well for people of African descent.
  • Lowers the risk of heart attack and stroke.
  • Good option if you have high blood pressure and heart failure.
  • Most people have very few side effects from Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)).
  • Can be good for patients with osteoporosis since it raises the body's level of calcium.
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Downsides

  • Makes you urinate more often.
  • Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)) doesn't work well in people with severe kidney problems.
  • It can increase the risk of gout attacks in people with poor kidney function or a history of gout.
  • People with a sulfa allergy may be allergic to Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)).
How it works

Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)) is a thiazide diuretic (water pill) that makes you urinate more. It works in the kidneys to remove extra water and certain electrolytes, while lowering blood pressure and reducing swelling.

What to expect when you take Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide ) for High blood pressure

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Side effect rates for Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide )

Risks and Warnings for Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide )

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    • Higher risk if:
    • Current electrolyte imbalance
    • Lower kidney function
    • Dehydration

    Taking too much Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)) can cause excessive urine production, which leads to dehydration and low levels of sodium, potassium, or magnesium. This can affect your heart and other muscles. Any current fluid or electrolyte imbalances should be corrected before using Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)). Make sure to stay hydrated while you're taking Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)).

Common concerns from people taking Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide )

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Pregnancy
Kidneys and liver
  • Requires routine blood tests to check kidney function.