A small T-shaped device that's inserted into your uterus to prevent pregnancy.5.8881188118811885IUD
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Our bottom line
The "intrauterine device" is one of the most hassle-free and effective methods of birth control. It's a small plastic or copper device inserted inside your uterus, and lasts between 3-12 years, depending on type.
What’s the failure rate?
of people using this method got pregnant in a year
This method is ranked 4 out of 17 birth control methods listed. The lower the number, the better.SourceMore birth control methods
- Once you get it, you don't have to worry about your birth control for up to 12 years – no need to remember to take it everyday.
- Undetectable and won't get in the way of spontaneity.
- The plastic IUD is progesterone-only and the copper IUD contains no hormones, which some women prefer.
- Decreases flow and frequency of periods for most women, and can stop periods altogether.
- Side effects are less serious and usually go away within 3-6 months once your body gets used to the device.
- Helps with heavy periods, severe cramps and anemia.
- One of the most effective methods for preventing pregnancy.
- Safe to use while breastfeeding.
- Fertility typically returns 4-6 months after removal of the plastic IUD and right away after removal of the copper IUD.
- Since you don't have to do anything with it once it's inserted, every use is perfect use with an effective rate of over 99%.
- The copper IUD can be used as emergency contraceptive if inserted within 120 hours or 5 days of sexual intercourse.
- Requires an appointment to have it inserted and taken out, and the procedures can be uncomfortable.
- Not advised for women who get pelvic infections or other infections easily.
- Increased irregular bleeding in the first 3-6 months.
- Partner might feel the strings of the device, but they usually soften over time or can be trimmed.
- Possibility of the device attaching or going through the uterus wall.
- Expensive for people who don't have insurance or Medicaid.
- Does not protect against STDs.
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Side effect rates for IUD
Common concerns from people using IUDFinal section. Do you want to return to method navigation?
- The discomfort that some experience during the insertion lasts no more than 20 min and this method is GREAT for many years, so it's worth it for sure! Also, get through those first 3-6 months as those can be sometimes difficult but afterwards its totally amazing. I had an EXCELLENT experience with NO irregular bleeding or cramping after 1 month.
- Initial insertion is not the worst pain in the world, but it is a short, 30-second intense sensation that I would not seek out in the near future. For 3 months, following insertion, I had light bleeding (~ 1-2 pantyliners/day), which was not something my physician had mentioned was not just possible but also common.
- ParagardIt will ache for a little after
- MirenaIt hurts going in and coming out, but for the next years, i had no period, no more dreadful cramps and full of happiness.
- MirenaCaused weight gain