Compare dexamethasone vs. Dorzolamide Timolol

Head-to-head comparisons of medication uses, side effects, ratings, and more.

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Calms down your immune system.

Decadron (dexamethasone) is a long-acting oral corticosteroid that is very effective in treating allergic reactions and immune conditions, however, if you're taking Decadron (dexamethasone) for a long time, there can be serious side effects.

lowers eye pressure

An effective two medicine combination that is used when one medication is not effective, and you are looking for ease of using both medications in one drop. Lowering eye pressure can prevent the onset of glaucoma.

Upsides
  • Effective in treating many conditions.
  • Can improve energy and appetite.
  • Can control immune responses that are causing you discomfort and works quickly to relieve symptoms like swelling, rash, asthma attacks, and pain.
  • Has long-term benefit in calming down the immune system and keeping it from causing your body harm, such as in autoimmune conditions.
  • Available in generic form.
  • Easier to use with two medications in one drop.
  • May add another medication when needed..
  • May be more effective than using only one medication.
Downsides
  • Many side effects, particularly with long term use.
  • Side effects include mood changes, trouble sleeping and increase in blood pressure and blood sugar at higher doses.
  • Long-term use can cause problems with skin, bone, eye health and put you at a higher risk for infections.
  • If you've been using corticosteroids for more than 2 weeks, you will need to work with a doctor to get off the medicine slowly.
  • Limited studies conducted with use of steroids during pregnancy or breastfeeding - potential harm to unborn baby.
  • May cause carbonated beverages to taste metallic.
  • You must wait 5 minutes before using another eye drop.
  • Not used in children under 2 years of age.
  • dorzolamide/timolol is not used if you have lung disease or heart conditions relating to a low heart rate or low blood pressure.
  • May cause blurred vision.
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Used for
  • Allergies
  • Skin Conditions
  • Endocrine Conditions
  • Eye Conditions
  • Stomach Conditions
  • Respiratory disorder
  • Multiple sclerosis flare
  • Hematologic Conditions
  • Cancer
  • Autoimmune and Rheumatic Conditions
  • Immune thrombocytopenia
  • Acute mountain sickness
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Prevention of nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy
  • Ocular hypertension
  • In patients who are insufficiently responsive to beta-blockers Open-angle glaucoma
  • In patients who are insufficiently responsive to beta-blockers
Dosage forms
  • Pill
  • Liquid
  • Eye drops
Price
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Reviews
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Side effects
The Decadron (dexamethasone) FDA package insert doesn’t have numbers about how common side effects are.
The Cosopt (Dorzolamide / Timolol) FDA package insert doesn’t have numbers about how common side effects are.
Risks and risk factors
  • Lowered adrenal function
    • Lowering dose or stopping too quickly especially after long-term treatment
    • Stress such as trauma, surgery or infection
  • Increased risk for infections
    • Taking other immunosuppressants
    • Long-term treatment
    • Not vaccinated against viral diseases
    • Contact with people who have viral illness
    • History of bacterial or viral conditions
  • Changes in heart and kidney function
    • Recent heart attack
  • Stomach and intestinal problems
    • History of stomach bleeding
    • Active or history of stomach ulcers
    • Ulcerative colitis
    • Taking Decadron (dexamethasone) with other medicine that can cause stomach problems
  • Bone effects
    • Dose of Decadron (dexamethasone)
    • Duration of treatment
  • Eye problems
See more detailed risks and warnings
No information currently available