Compare ethambutol vs. pyrazinamide

Head-to-head comparisons of medication uses, side effects, ratings, and more.

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Myambutol (ethambutol)

Prescription only

pyrazinamide

Prescription only
Treats and prevents mycobacterial infections like tuberculosis.

Myambutol (ethambutol) works well to treat or prevent mycobacterial infections, but has to be combined with other medicines and taken for a long period of time.

Treats tuberculosis

pyrazinamide is one of the first choice treatments used together with other drugs for tuberculosis.

Upsides
  • First-choice treatment for tuberculosis.
  • There are different dosing regimens, which can make taking Myambutol (ethambutol) more convenient for your schedule.
  • Myambutol (ethambutol) can be taken with food and may help with any stomach upset.
  • pyrazinamide along with other medications effectively treats tuberculosis.
  • Take pyrazinamide either once a day or a couple times a week.
  • Although not tested, this medicine is as safe for children as it is for adults.
Downsides
  • Remembering to take Myambutol (ethambutol) daily over a long period of time and with other medicines can be difficult.
  • Not a good choice if you have a history or are experiencing any vision problems.
  • Have to take pyrazinamide with other medicines in order to be effective against tuberculosis.
  • Can cause liver problems that may require stopping the medicine.
  • Can interfere with some lab tests.
  • Even though pyrazinamide is a generic, it is still relatively expensive.
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Used for
  • Tuberculosis
  • Prevention of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection in HIV, transplant, or cancer patients
  • Tuberculosis treatment
Dosage forms
  • Pill
  • Pill
Price
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Reviews
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Side effects
The Myambutol (ethambutol) FDA package insert doesn’t have numbers about how common side effects are.
The pyrazinamide FDA package insert doesn’t have numbers about how common side effects are.
Risks and risk factors
  • Vision problems
  • Liver problems
See more detailed risks and warnings
  • Liver problems
    • Current liver problems
  • Gout
    • History of gout
See more detailed risks and warnings