Compare Nesina vs. Precose

Head-to-head comparisons of medication uses, side effects, ratings, and more.

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Nesina (alogliptin)

Prescription only

Precose (acarbose)

Prescription only
Lowers your blood sugar.

Nesina (alogliptin) is a good add-on treatment for diabetes if your blood sugars are still not controlled, but it doesn't work as well as insulin.

Lowers blood sugar.

Precose (acarbose) helps lower your post-mealtime blood sugar levels, but it must be taken at the beginning of each main meal in order for it to be most effective.

Upsides
  • Less likely to cause weight gain or low blood sugar compared to other anti-diabetic medicines.
  • Pill may be preferred by some patients over injection.
  • Precose (acarbose) helps control meal-time blood sugar levels without causing weight gain.
  • When used alone it doesn't normally cause blood sugar levels to be too low unlike other anti-diabetes medicines.
  • Safe to be used in people age 65 or older.
  • Has relatively few interactions with other medicines.
Downsides
  • Does not lower your A1c (average blood sugar over time) as much as insulin.
  • Available as an expensive, branded product only.
  • Has more troublesome side-effects than other anti-diabetic pills.
  • Not a first choice medicine because it isn't as effective at lowering blood sugar compared to other treatment options.
  • Associated with bothersome side effects like excessive gas and diarrhea.
  • Relatively more expensive than other diabetes medicines.
  • Has to be taken three times a day with each meal.
  • Might cause episodes of low blood sugar when taken together with insulin or medicines that stimulate insulin release.
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Used for
Dosage forms
  • Pill
  • Pill
Price
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Reviews
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Side effects
The Nesina (alogliptin) FDA package insert doesn’t have numbers about how common side effects are.
3possible side effects
  • Excessive gas
    74%
  • Diarrhea
    31%
  • Stomach pain
    19%
See more detailed side effects
Risks and risk factors
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
    • History of pancreatitis
    • High blood triglyceride levels
    • Gallstones (stones in gallbladder)
  • Liver damage
  • Serious allergic reactions
  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
    • Taking medicines for diabetes
  • Severe joint pain and swelling
See more detailed risks and warnings
  • Low blood sugar
    • Using insulin or other medicines that stimulate insulin release
  • Kidney function
    • Those with kidney problems
  • Interactions with other medicines
    • Taking multiple medicines together
See more detailed risks and warnings