Compare Topamax vs. Trileptal

Head-to-head comparisons of medication uses, side effects, ratings, and more.

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Topamax (topiramate)

Prescription only

Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine)

Prescription only
Prevents seizures and migraine headaches.

Topamax (topiramate) is very effective at preventing many types of seizures and migraines, but it can cause several severe side effects that can lead to stopping the medication.

3.3/ 5 average rating with 56 reviewsforTopamax
Prevents seizures.

Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine) is effective at preventing seizures and you don’t need to get regular blood tests to make sure it’s effective, but it has many drug interactions.

Upsides
  • Can lower your number of seizures and also prevent migraine headaches. This medicine can be used on its own or with other antiepileptic medicines to lower the frequency of seizures.
  • Doesn't need routine blood tests like similar medications.
  • Available in short-acting and long-acting forms.
  • Comes as a generic, so it's relatively cheap.
  • Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine) is effective at lowering the frequency of seizures, especially for people with partial seizures.
  • If you have trouble swallowing tablets, Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine) is also available as an oral solution.
  • You won’t need to get regular blood tests to check the drug levels in your body.
  • Available in a generic form.
Downsides
  • Can cause many severe side effects. People starting Topamax (topiramate) need to be monitored for these effects as soon as they start treatment.
  • This medicine can take 4 to 6 weeks for the full effects of this medication to kick in, especially for people taking it for migraines.
  • Children taking Topamax (topiramate) for long periods of time need to have their dose adjusted by their pediatrician as they grow.
  • At higher doses (ie. 400 mg/day), children may experience difficulty with concentration/attention, fever, flushing, and confusion.
  • It’s important to take your dose on time so that Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine) has steady levels in your body.
  • Interacts with many other medicines and supplements.
  • Can cause difficulty concentrating, tiredness or drowsiness, and problems with coordination.
  • If you have kidney problems, your dose may need to be adjusted. Your doctor will check your kidney function regularly.
  • Being pregnant lowers the levels of Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine), so the medicine might not be as effective at preventing seizures.
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Used for
Dosage forms
  • Pill
  • Extended release capsule
  • Pill
  • Liquid
Price
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Reviews
56 reviews so far
52%
saidit'sworth it
50%
saiditworked well
36%
saidit'sa big hassle

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Side effects
39possible side effects
  • Sleepiness
    26%
  • Loss of appetite
    24%
  • Fatigue
    16%
  • Injury
    14%
  • Nervousness
    14%
  • Personality disorder (behavior problems)
    11%
  • Difficulty with concentration/attention
    10%
  • Weight loss
    9%
  • Aggressive reaction
    9%
  • Abnormal gait
    8%
  • Purpura
    8%
  • Difficulty sleeping
    8%
  • Viral infection
    7%
  • Impaired coordination
    6%
  • Nausea
    6%
  • Increased saliva
    6%
  • Muscle spasm
    5%
  • Constipation
    5%
  • Difficulty with memory
    5%
  • Pneumonia
    5%
  • Dizziness
    4%
  • Speech disorders/ related speech problems
    4%
  • Nose bleed
    4%
  • Confusion
    4%
  • Urinary incontinence
    4%
  • Stomach flu
    3%
  • Psychomotor slowing
    3%
  • Skin disorder
    3%
  • Allergic reaction
    2%
  • Abnormal reflexes
    2%
  • Thirst
    2%
  • Pussing
    2%
  • Hair loss
    2%
  • Dermatitis
    2%
  • Increased hair growth
    2%
  • Red skin rash
    2%
  • Eye abnormality
    2%
  • Abnormal vision
    2%
  • Leukopenia
    2%
See more detailed side effects
21possible side effects
  • Dizziness
    22%
  • Nausea
    16%
  • Headache
    13%
  • Any adverse effect
    9%
  • Diarrhea
    7%
  • Vomiting
    7%
  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
    7%
  • Constipation
    5%
  • Dyspepsia
    5%
  • Ataxia
    5%
  • Nervousness
    5%
  • Falling Down NOS
    4%
  • Pain Back
    4%
  • Amnesia
    4%
  • Coordination Abnormal
    4%
  • Tremor
    4%
  • Epistaxis
    4%
  • Infection Chest
    4%
  • Sinusitis
    4%
  • Rash
    4%
  • Vision Abnormal
    4%
See more detailed side effects
Risks and risk factors
  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior
    • History of depression
  • Fever and inability to sweat
    • Children
  • Mental and cognitive changes
    • History of metabolic disorders
    • People also taking Depakote
  • Kidney stones
    • Low-carb diet
    • Dehydration
    • Drug interactions
  • Vision problems
  • Withdrawal seizures
    • Stopping Topamax (topiramate) suddenly
See more detailed risks and warnings
  • Mental changes due to low sodium
    • Age 65 or older
    • dehydration
    • Taking diuretics (water pills)
  • Serious allergic reactions
    • Had allergic reaction to Tegretol (carbamazepine)
  • Life-threatnening skin reactions
    • Asian ancestry
  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior
    • History of depression
  • Withdrawal seizures
    • Stopping Trileptal (Oxcarbazepine) suddenly
  • Changes in blood cells
  • Bone disorders
    • History of osteoporosis
    • History of fractures
  • Liver problems
  • Low thyroid levels
    • Children
See more detailed risks and warnings