Nervous system disorders

Bacterial meningitis

About Bacterial meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation of the thin tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, called the meninges. There are several types of meningitis. The most common is viral meningitis, which you get when a virus enters the body through the nose or mouth and travels to the brain. Bacterial meningitis is rare, but can be deadly. It usually starts with bacteria that cause a cold-like infection. It can block blood vessels in the brain and lead to stroke and brain damage. It can also harm other organs. Pneumococcal infections and meningococcal infections can cause bacterial meningitis.Anyone can get meningitis, but it is more common in people whose bodies have trouble fighting infections. Meningitis can progress rapidly. You should seek medical care quickly if you haveA sudden fever A severe headache A stiff neck Early treatment can help prevent serious problems, including death. Vaccines can prevent some of the bacterial infections that cause meningitis. Parents of adolescents and students living in college dorms should talk to a doctor about the vaccination. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

All Medications for Bacterial meningitis

  • ampicillin
    Prescription only

    ampicillin is a cheap antibiotic good for treating many types of bacterial infections, but many bacteria are resistant to it.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Liquid
    • Injection
  • Claforan
    (cefotaxime)
    Prescription only

    Claforan (cefotaxime) is good for treating many bacterial infections, but it is only available as an injectable, so it is usually only used in the hospital.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • Avelox
    (moxifloxacin)
    Prescription only

    Avelox (moxifloxacin) effectively treats different types of bacterial infections, but is more expensive than its alternatives.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Rocephin
    (ceftriaxone)
    Prescription only

    Rocephin (ceftriaxone) is good for treating many bacterial infections, but it is only available as an injectable, so it is usually only used in a hospital or doctor's office.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Bacterial meningitis

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