Gastrointestinal disorders

Gastrointestinal bleeding

(GI bleeding)

  • Also known as
  • Stomach bleeding
  • Intestine bleeding

About Gastrointestinal bleeding

Your digestive or gastrointestinal (GI) tract includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine or colon, rectum, and anus. Bleeding can come from any of these areas. The amount of bleeding can be so small that only a lab test can find it. Signs of bleeding in the digestive tract depend where it is and how much bleeding there is.Signs of bleeding in the upper digestive tract includeBright red blood in vomitVomit that looks like coffee groundsBlack or tarry stoolDark blood mixed with stoolSigns of bleeding in the lower digestive tract includeBlack or tarry stoolDark blood mixed with stoolStool mixed or coated with bright red bloodGI bleeding is not a disease, but a symptom of a disease. There are many possible causes of GI bleeding, including hemorrhoids, peptic ulcers, tears or inflammation in the esophagus, diverticulosis and diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, colonic polyps, or cancer in the colon, stomach or esophagus.The test used most often to look for the cause of GI bleeding is called endoscopy. It uses a flexible instrument inserted through the mouth or rectum to view the inside of the GI tract. A type of endoscopy called colonoscopy looks at the large intestine.NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

All Medications for Gastrointestinal bleeding

  • Inderal
    (Propranolol)
    Prescription only

    Inderal (Propranolol) is good for treating many heart problems and other problems in the body, but it has more side effects than other beta blockers. You can't miss doses.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
    • Liquid
  • Isordil
    (Isosorbide Dinitrate)
    Prescription only

    Isosorbide dinitrate is good for chest pain, but you have to be able to stick to your dosing schedule or it won't work as well.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
  • Nitrostat
    (Nitroglycerin)
    Prescription only

    Nitroglycerin is the fastest-working medicine to relieve chest pain, but make sure to sit down before taking it.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Dissolving tablet
    • Pill
    • Extended release
    • Patch
    • Mouth spray
    • Cream, gel, or ointment
    • Rectal gel or ointment
  • Epipen
    (Epinephrine)
    Prescription only

    Epipen (Epinephrine) is a life-saving medication for severe allergic reactions. Just make sure you know how to give an injection before it's needed.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • Pepcid
    (Famotidine)
    Prescription or OTC

    Pepcid (Famotidine) works well for heartburn but may not last as long or start working as quickly as other antacids.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Chewable tablet
    • Liquid

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Gastrointestinal bleeding

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