Cancer

Multiple myeloma

About Multiple myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a cancer that begins in plasma cells, a type of white blood cell. These cells are part of your immune system, which helps protect the body from germs and other harmful substances. In time, myeloma cells collect in the bone marrow and in the solid parts of bones.No one knows the exact causes of multiple myeloma, but it is more common in older people and African Americans. It can run in families. Common symptoms may includeBone pain, often in the back or ribsBroken bonesWeakness or fatigueWeight lossFrequent infections and feversFeeling very thirstyFrequent urinationDoctors diagnose multiple myeloma using lab tests, imaging tests, and a bone marrow biopsy. Your treatment depends on how advanced the disease is and whether you have symptoms. If you have no symptoms, you may not need treatment right away. If you have symptoms, you may have chemotherapy, stem cell transplantation, radiation, or targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses substances that attack cancer cells without harming normal cells.NIH: National Cancer Institute

All Medications for Multiple myeloma

  • Farydak
    (panobinostat)
    Prescription only

    Farydak (panobinostat) can be used with other medicines to treat multiple myeloma when other treatments have failed, but it is still relatively new and undergoing further studies.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Pomalyst
    (pomalidomide)
    Prescription only

    Pomalyst (pomalidomide) can work for some people with multiple myeloma who've tried other treatments, but because of its potential harm during pregnancy, it may not be for everyone.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Alkeran
    (melphalan)
    Prescription only

    Alkeran (melphalan) effectively helps improve quality of life in multiple myeloma and ovarian cancer patients, but some people may experience serious blood side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Velcade
    (bortezomib)
    Prescription only

    Velcade (bortezomib) is a first-choice treatment for multiple myeloma and an effective option for mantle cell lymphoma. However, it frequently causes burning, tingling, and numbness in the hands and feet.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Injection
  • Decadron
    (dexamethasone)
    Prescription only

    Decadron (dexamethasone) is a long-acting oral corticosteroid that is very effective in treating allergic reactions and immune conditions, however, if you're taking Decadron (dexamethasone) for a long time, there can be serious side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Liquid

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