Cardiovascular disease

Stroke

(CVA)

  • Also known as
  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Brain attack

About Stroke

A stroke is a medical emergency. Strokes happen when blood flow to your brain stops. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. There are two kinds of stroke. The more common kind, called ischemic stroke, is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel in the brain. The other kind, called hemorrhagic stroke, is caused by a blood vessel that breaks and bleeds into the brain. "Mini-strokes" or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), occur when the blood supply to the brain is briefly interrupted.

Symptoms of Stroke
  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg (especially on one side of the body)
  • Sudden confusion
  • Sudden trouble speaking or understanding speech
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause

All Medications for Stroke

  • Aggrenox
    (Aspirin / Dipyridamole)
    Prescription only

    Aggrenox (Aspirin / Dipyridamole) prevents blood clots and stroke, but cheaper options are available that work just as well.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Altace
    (ramipril)
    Prescription only

    Altace (ramipril) is a good blood pressure-lowering medicine that protects your kidney function. It's also a good option if you have trouble swallowing pills since you can open the capsules.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Cozaar
    (Losartan)
    Prescription only

    Cozaar (Losartan) is a good blood pressure-lowering medicine that protects kidney function like an ACE inhibitor, but with fewer side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Plavix
    (clopidogrel)
    Prescription only

    Plavix (clopidogrel) is a cheap, generically available blood thinner that protects you from clots after you've had a heart attack or surgery.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Hyzaar
    (Losartan / Hydrochlorothiazide)
    Prescription only

    Hyzaar (Losartan / Hydrochlorothiazide) is a good combination blood pressure-lowering medicine to try if your blood pressure is very high.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Micardis
    (telmisartan)
    Prescription only

    Micardis (telmisartan) is a good blood pressure-lowering medicine that protects your kidneys and has few side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Mevacor
    (Lovastatin)
    Prescription only

    Mevacor (Lovastatin) can improve cholesterol, but it's not as strong as other statin medicines. Statin side effects can be difficult to deal with, but the benefits might outweigh the risks.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
  • Atacand
    (candesartan)
    Prescription only

    Atacand (candesartan) is a good blood pressure-lowering medicine that protects your kidneys and has few side effects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
  • Solodyn
    (Minocycline)
    Prescription only

    Solodyn (Minocycline) is an effective way to treat certain skin infections, acne, and rosacea, but you'll need to use barrier methods of birth control since it can make birth control pills less effective and cause birth defects.

    • Available dosage forms:
    • Pill
    • Extended release
    • Extended release capsule

Tips, success stories, and coping strategies for Stroke

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