Emtriva

(emtricitabine)

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Works with other medicines to treat HIV infection.

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Emtriva (emtricitabine) is a first-line and commonly used drug that is taken in combination with other HIV medications to treat or prevent HIV.

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Quick facts about Emtriva
  • Drug class: Infection
  • Rx status: Prescription only
  • Generic status: No lower cost generic available

Upsides

  • Emtriva (emtricitabine) is a first-line drug option used in combination with other HIV medications to treat HIV.
  • Taken with or without food once a day.
  • Emtriva (emtricitabine) is available in many combination tablets if you are looking to lower the number of pills you need to take daily for HIV treatment.
  • Emtriva (emtricitabine) is available as a capsule as well as liquid form.
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What to expect from Emtriva, on one page

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Downsides

  • Patients with kidney damage will need to be closely monitored by their doctors in order to provide an appropriate dose.
  • Cannot be used by itself to treat or prevent HIV infection.
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What to expect from Emtriva, on one page

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How it works

Emtriva (emtricitabine) is a Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). It treats HIV by stopping the virus from replicating within cells in your immune system.

Quick facts about Emtriva
  • Drug class: Infection
  • Rx status: Prescription only
  • Generic status: No lower cost generic available

Used for

Dosage forms

  • Pill
  • Liquid
Tried Emtriva? Write a review!

Prices and coupons

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What to expect when you take Emtriva (emtricitabine) for HIV treatment

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  • First few daysDays
    First few weeksWeeks
    First few monthsMonths
    Long term
  • Effectiveness
  • Starts to kick in
    Full effects
  • First few daysDays
    First few weeksWeeks
    First few monthsMonths
    Long term
  • Possible side effects
  • Physical weakness and/or lack of energy
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Insomnia
  • Nasal stuffiness/runniness (Rhinitis)
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Side effect rates for Emtriva (emtricitabine)

From 294 clinical trials of Emtriva when taken for hiv treatment (taken with zdt/d4t + nnrti/pi)
  • Diarrhea
    23%23%
  • Nausea
    18%18%
  • Nasal stuffiness/runniness (Rhinitis)
    18%18%
  • Rash
    17%17%
  • Physical weakness and/or lack of energy
    16%16%
  • Increased cough
    14%14%
  • Headache
    13%13%
  • Vomiting
    9%9%
  • Abdominal pain
    8%8%
  • Insomnia
    7%7%
  • Depressive disorders
    6%6%
  • "Pins and needles" feeling (paresthesia)
    5%5%
  • Dyspepsia
    4%4%
  • Muscle pain
    4%4%
  • Dizziness
    4%4%
  • Nerve weakness/numbness/pain
    4%4%
  • Joint pain
    3%3%
  • Abnormal dreams
    2%2%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
Where we got our data »

The placebo bar shows how common a side effect was for people taking a sugar pill instead of Emtriva.

Emtriva (emtricitabine)
Placebo

People taking Emtriva felt side effect more

People taking Emtriva felt side effect less

No difference

Risks and Warnings for Emtriva (emtricitabine)

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    • Higher risk if:
    • Liver disease
    • Women
    • Obesity

    Emtriva (emtricitabine) can cause this rare but life-threatening condition. Symptoms include difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, right sided stomach pain, and dark urine . This is a medical emergency and you should get help right away.

Means that some groups have a high risk of experiencing this side effect

Common concerns from people taking Emtriva (emtricitabine)

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Pregnancy

Research studies with animals haven’t found a risk to unborn babies, but it hasn’t been properly studied in humans.

Tip: Always talk with your doctor before you take any medication while pregnant.
FDA pregnancy category for Emtriva
BProbably safe
Food
  • Emtriva (emtricitabine) should be taken at the same time everyday, with or without food.
  • Taken with or without food once a day.
Kidneys and liver
  • The dose of Emtriva (emtricitabine) should be adjusted if you have poor kidney health. Your doctor will provide lab tests to ensure you are taking the appropriate dose. Be sure to attend your scheduled doctor and lab appointments in order to make sure that Emtriva (emtricitabine) is working well and safely for you.
  • Patients with kidney damage will need to be closely monitored by their doctors in order to provide an appropriate dose.