Essure is a fairly new procedure that is non-invasive in that it doesn’t require a surgical incision. Tiny coils are placed inside the fallopian tubes through the vagina and cause scarring to form, which eventually blocks the tubes. There are quite a lot of risks and side effects involved with Essure so it’s best to be fully informed before choosing it.
Hysterectomy is a major surgical procedure to remove the uterus and perhaps other reproductive organs. It is usually performed through a cut in the vagina or the abdomen, and with the help of a laparoscope. Women typically do not get hysterectomies for contraceptive purposes but other chronic illnesses like cancer.
Laparoscopic sterilization is very common since it only takes about 30 minutes and leaves very little scarring. A thin, lit-up tube with a camera called a laparoscope is inserted through a small cut inside or near the belly button so the surgeon can see what’s going on inside. A second device is inserted through the tube or another small incision to cut, seal or burn the fallopian tubes. General or regional anesthesia is required and you’re good to go after only 4 hours.
A 2-5 inch incision is made in the abdomen and the fallopian tubes are cut, sealed or burned. It requires general or regional anesthesia, and is usually done along with another abdominal surgery, like a C-section. Laparotomy is the least common method of female sterilization as it’s a bigger operation and requires longer hospital stay.
Another common method of female sterilization. A small incision (hence the “mini) is made in the abdomen and the fallopian tubes are cut, sealed or burned. It requires general or regional anesthesia and can be done right after childbirth.